40 Essential Strong Verbs to Flex Those German Muscles (2023)

40 Essential Strong Verbs to Flex Those German Muscles (1)

Vonsara Last update:

Can your knowledge of German withstand a battle with strong verbs?

Wait, wait, take off your boxing gloves.

you will not be summonedhardbecause they will hit you.

you are stronggrammatically. That is, strong verbs smash the regular German conjugation rules and use their own.

It might seem a little intimidating at first, but you'll soon see that it'seasier than you think.

We have a simple tutorial andResources for practicing verbsto help you understand and master these tricky verbs.

Then we will give a list.40 important strong German verbsmemorize them so that you are always ready to face them.

Download:This blog post is available as a convenient, portable PDF that you can take anywhere.Click here for a copy. (Download)

What exactly are strong German verbs?

To make things really easy, let's first define strong verbs, as well as their counterparts,weak german verbs.

Weak verbs are conjugated according to systematic rules, sothey are also known as "normal verbs".

The difference of,Strong verbs don't follow special rules when it comes to conjugations. they conjugate irregularly,which means they are also called "irregular verbs".

Let's first see the difference between strong and weak verbs with examples in English:

When you talk about running yesterday, do you say "I ran" or "I ran"?

If "to run" were a weak verb, I would say "runned" because I would use the main verb (run) and add the regular verb ending in the past tense (-ed). However, "to run" is a strong verb, which means it has its own irregular conjugation rules. So "ran" is wrong. You would say, "I ran".

Fortunately for native English speakers, German has a similar structure to English when it comes to verbs.

How Strong Verbs Work in German

Again, the easiest way to understand strong verbs may be to compare them to weak verbs first.

As mentioned above, weak verbs follow systematic and predictable conjugation rules. She makesparticularly easy to learn. You don't have to remember it in different ways. You just need to remember which verbs are weak, and once you know that, you'll know what form it will take.

Let's use the weak German verbquestions(ask) as an example. HeRegular verb endings in the present tense.sind: -e, -st, -t, -en, -t, -en.


you ask(you ask)

he/she/it had been asking(he/she/you ask)

we ask you(we ask you)

You ask(you ask everyone)

they asked(They asked)

To conjugate the past participle of weak verbs, put "ge-" in front of the head of the verb and "-t" at the end.

(Video) This Guys So Strong, No One Can Beat Him...

The past participle forquestionsEsasked(asked).

conjugated inthird person imperfect or past simple, you add “-te” to the stem of the verb.

Forquestions, the third person is imperfectasked(asked).

However, strong verbs do not follow regular conjugation rules and often have a change in the verb stem.(The verb root is the infinitive or dictionary form of the verb, discarding the -en at the end.)

For example, to get the past participle of the verbe(to go) we have to change the root (e) and clip-Emeverything final.

EPast participle:era

AConjugate the Simple Past of Strong German Verbs, often changes the root of the verb and adds nothing.

The third person imperfect ofeEsera(era).

Just remembering which verbs are strong verbs will help you a lot before you even learn the correct conjugations. We will provide a list of strong verbs and their correct conjugations later in this post.

Grammar tricks to identify strong verbs

Unfortunately, strong verbs just need to be memorized. However, there are some tricks you can use to make things easier.

The past participle and the third-person imperfect test

The most common places you'll see verb stem changes when working with strong verbs are in the past participle or third person imperfect, which is why we do this.Use these two conjugations to test whether the verbs are strong or weak..

See these sentences that are formed from the verbto say(to say).You thinkto sayIs it a strong or weak verb?

I said(I said)

he said(he said)

Note that the past participle follows the rule ge- + verb root + -t. Then mark the imperfect third person and look for a verbal stem change. In this case there are none. Thento sayit is a weak verb.

The equivalent test in English

you can use this tooPractical learning trick to distinguish strong and weak verbs: verbs with relatives in English are generally the same type as verbs in German.

For example, "to laugh" is a weak verb in English. You say "laughs" and "I laugh". See how the root of the verb doesn't change? In German,rir(laughs) is also a weak verb.

“begin”, on the other hand, is a strong verb in English. You don't say "he started", you say "he started". the german equivalentto start, is also a strong verb.

Don't forget the mixed German verbs!

Before we go too far, let's take a moment to note that there actually is a third category of verbs. You might think that strong and weak don't leave a middle ground, but there are also mixed verbs that have strong and weak verbs. In other words,These verbs enjoy the comfort of these regular, weak verb endings.but shealso has changes in the root of the verb. See this example:

Ter(ter):I had(I had),he had(he had)

In this case, we have a verb that follows the weak verb ending rules, but we can also see a verb stem change in the simple past tense (habbecomesCabin).

Resources for learning German verb types

Memorization relies heavily on repetition rather than focusing on something for too long. Fortunately, for those of us who carry smartphones with us, there are many great apps for remembering information.

you can use yourStandard notepad applicationto keep lists of complicated German verbs and review them while waiting in line at the market or at a bus stop. You too can benefitFlashcard apps like Quizlet, they havemany lists available to memorize German verb phrases. If you don't find the ideal list you're looking for, you can always create your own.

Here's the good news: most German verbs are weak verbs. This means you can rely on its systematic conjugations for most verbs. To help you get started with memorizing German strong verbs, we've compiled a list of 40 commonly used strong verbs for your learning pleasure.

The following verbs are also given with their respective past participles and third person past tense forms.

To start(to start)

(Video) 5 Minute Move | Kids Workout 1 | The Body Coach TV

started, started


commander, robot


stayed, stayed

To bring(to bring)

brought, brought


thought thought

He can(be allowed)

allowed, permitted


eaten, eaten


drove, drove


found, found


given, given


it was was


helped, helped

Sabre(Be familiar with)

I knew, I knew


(Video) The Wake Up Call with Grauchi #36 Stronger

wine wine

He can(can can)

skillful, could

Permission(to allow)

left left


mail, mail


I liked, I liked

Have to(camel camel)

I had to, I had to

To load(to load)

taken, took


sleeping, sleeping


baby baby


seen, there

To be(to be)

had been


sang, sang

To speak(to speak)

spoken, spoken

To stop(to stop)

(Video) Paul Conti: Narcissism, Sociopathy, Envy, and the Nature of Good and Evil | Lex Fridman Podcast #357

parou, parou

To die(to die)

died, died

To load(to load)

worn out, worn out

To drink(to drink)

drank, drank

Once again(to do)

done, did

To forget(to forget)

forget forgot

To grow(to grow)

grew, grew


washing, washing

turn around(to bend)

turned, turned

To throw(to throw)

thrown away, thrown away


I knew, I knew

To want(to want)

wanted, wanted


thrown away, thrown away

Verb types can sometimes seem like an abstract piece of unnecessary information. And if you really prefer to memorize everything and don't like to rely on systematic shortcuts, this might be for you. However, for those of us who want to make our lives easier by grouping things together wherever possible, learning which verbs are weak and which are strong is a good first step towards expanding your German vocabulary. Without much effort, you will find that you already know how to use many verbs when they are conjugated regularly, and you will have more time to concentrate on those cases that require special attention due to irregularities in the conjugation of these verbs. .

(Video) Is This TRASH? || The Truth About Expensive Tools

Download:This blog post is available as a convenient, portable PDF that you can take anywhere.Click here for a copy. (Download)


What are strong verbs in German? ›

In the Germanic languages, a strong verb is a verb that marks its past tense by means of changes to the stem vowel (ablaut). The majority of the remaining verbs form the past tense by means of a dental suffix (e.g. -ed in English), and are known as weak verbs.

How many German strong verbs are there? ›

There are more than 200 strong and irregular verbs, but just as in English, there is a gradual tendency for strong verbs to become weak. As German is a Germanic language, the German verb can be understood historically as a development of the Germanic verb.

How do you conjugate strong verbs in German? ›

Regular verbs use the ending -t in the past participle and the endings -te, -test, -te, -ten, -tet, -ten for the simple past, whereas strong verbs take the ending -en for the past participle and have no endings in the first (ich) and third (er, sie, es) person singular in the simple past.

What are the most important verbs in German? ›

The 100 Most Used German Verbs List
  • Sein Conjugation (To be)
  • Haben Conjugation (To have)
  • Werden Conjugation (To become)
  • Kommen Conjugation (To come)
  • Ankommen Conjugation (To arrive)
  • Verlassen Conjugation (To leave)
  • Fahren Conjugation (To drive, to ride)
  • Halten Conjugation (To hold, to keep)

What are 10 strong verbs? ›

Top 10 Powerful Verbs
1SaidScreamed, shouted, sobbed, talked, whispered, yawned, hummed
8LaughedGiggled, smiled, smirked, admired, grinned, guffawed
9FoundLocated, unearthed, identified, collected, gathered
10RanJogged, pelted, raced, stumbled, staggered, swayed, galloped
6 more rows

How do you know if a German verb is strong or weak? ›

Strong, Weak and Mixed Verbs
  1. Weak [regular] verbs. These are the verbs with no stem-vowel changes in any tense. ...
  2. Strong [irregular] verbs. These are the verbs that have stem-vowel changes in one or more of the tenses [possibly including the present tense].

What are all the types of German verbs? ›

The three classes of German verbs: Regular, irregular, and mixed.

What are full verbs in German? ›

Main verbs, also called full verbs (in German: Vollverben), are those verbs that can form the predicate of a sentence alone, which means as the only verb. In this role, they appear in a finite verb form and determine the meaning of the statement. This function distinguishes them from auxiliary verbs.

What are the 3 forms of verb German? ›

There are three basic types of regular, or weak, verbs in German:
  • verbs with an -en ending.
  • verbs with an -el or -er ending.
  • verbs with a -ten ending.

What is strong verb form? ›

Strong Verbs are verbs in which the vowel in the stem is changed to indicate tenses. is an example of a strong verb in Modern English; the vowel changes from "i" to "a" to "u" depending upon the verb tense.

What is the past participle of strong verbs in German? ›

To form the past participle of strong verbs, you add ge- to the beginning of the verb stem and -en to the end. The vowel in the stem may also change.

What are 10 regular German verbs? ›

  • Sein (to be)
  • Gehen (to go)
  • Sehen (to see)
  • Essen (to eat)
  • Schlafen (to sleep)
  • Trinken (to drink)
  • Fahren (to go/to drive)
  • Kaufen (to buy)
Apr 22, 2022

What are the 100 most common German words? ›

100 most frequently used German words
  • der / die / das (def. art.) the; (dem. pron.) ...
  • und (conj.) and.
  • sein (verb) to be; (aux./perfect tense)
  • in (prep.) in [variation: im in the]
  • ein (indef. art.) a, an; (pron.) one (of)
  • zu (prep.) to, at; (adv.) too.
  • haben (verb) to have; (aux./perfect tense)
  • ich (pers. pron.) I.

What are 20 strong verbs? ›

20 powerful verbs to supercharge your vocabulary
  • blab. To blab has a couple meanings – it can mean simply to talk carelessly and without thinking, or it can mean to reveal something secret by talking carelessly. ...
  • clutch. To clutch means to hold something very tightly. ...
  • cower. ...
  • crave. ...
  • devour. ...
  • embrace. ...
  • eradicate. ...
  • fling.

What are the 100 verbs? ›

100 Common English Verbs
  • be.
  • have.
  • do.
  • say.
  • go.
  • can.
  • get.
  • would.

What are the 25 main verbs? ›

25 Most Common Verbs
  • be.
  • have.
  • do.
  • say.
  • get.
  • make.
  • go.
  • know.

What are 2 strong verbs? ›

Strong verbs make writing and reading better.
Strong Verbs List
  • shouted.
  • called.
  • commented.
  • queried.
  • announced.
  • whispered.
  • murmured.
  • whimpered.
Apr 6, 2021

Can you give me a list of verbs? ›

Physical Action Verb List:
9 more rows
Mar 5, 2019

What are examples of weak and strong verbs? ›

Weak vs.

Examples include walked, jogged, and blinked. A strong verb, in the grammatical sense, changes the vowel in the present tense form of the word when it's put into past tense. Examples of this include ran, thought, and stood.

Does German have the hardest grammar? ›

German grammar is too complex.

There's no way to sugarcoat it. German grammar is complex, can get frustrating at times, and will probably take a while to master. Most learners struggle with grammatical cases (to be fair, they can be a pain even for native speakers).

Do you think German is harder than English? ›

But in truth, German is actually easier to learn than a lot of other languages. The answer truly lies somewhere in between. While it is closely related to English because they both belong to the West Germanic group of the Indo-European language family, German is not necessarily easy to learn.

What are the 7 modal verbs in German? ›

The modal verbs in German are dürfen (be allowed to/may), können (be able to/can), mögen (to like/may), müssen (to have to/must), sollen (to ought to/should) and wollen (to want to). Modal verbs express ability, necessity, obligation, permission or possibility.

What are important a1 German verbs? ›

Answers. sein (to be), frühstücken (to eat breakdast) duschen (to shower), machen (to make), fahren (to drive), nehmen (to take), lesen (to read), schreiben (to write), haben (to have), essen (to eat), trinken (to drink), kochen (to cook), sitzen (to sit), spielen (to play).

What are the 5 modal verbs in German? ›

Modal verbs are used to modify or change other verbs to show such things as ability, permission or necessity. For example, she can swim; may I come?; we ought to go.In German, the modal verbs are dürfen, können, mögen, müssen, sollen and wollen.

What are the most important verbs? ›

The ten most heavily used verbs in the English language are be, have, do, say, make, go, take, come, see, and get. The linguistic feature all these words share is that they are irregular.

What is the longest verb in German? ›

Officially recognised by the Duden - Germany's pre-eminent dictionary - as the longest word in German, Kraftfahrzeug-Haftpflichtversicherung is a 36-letter, tongue-tying way of describing a rather, mundane everyday concept: motor vehicle liability insurance. Even if you can't pronounce it, don't be caught without it!

What is verb in German with examples? ›

German verbs also have an infinitive, which is the form shown in a dictionary; most weak, strong and mixed verbs end in -en. For example, holen (meaning to fetch) is weak, helfen (meaning to help) is strong and denken (meaning to think) is mixed. All German verbs belong to one of these groups.

What are German movement verbs? ›

German has a large variety of motion verbs like gehen ('to go'), fahren ('to drive'), fliegen ('to fly'), but also stolzieren ('to stalk'), schreiten ('to tread'), trampeln ('to stamp'), sausen ('to swish'), etc. 7Even skiing is seen as a specific motion event either with a 'vehicle' in e.g. schifahren (lit.

How can you find a strong verb to use? ›

Look for any places in your writing where a verb is followed by an adverb. She walked slowly. He ate quickly. Replace these pairs of verbs and adverbs with a stronger verb that conveys the feeling of the adverb.
  1. Avoid “State of Being” Verbs.
  2. Avoid Verbs Followed by an Adverb.
  3. Use Active Voice.

What are strong verbs Grade 7? ›

Category:English class 7 strong verbs
  • beat.
  • blow.
  • weep.
  • wax.
  • throw.
  • sow.
  • mow.
  • leap.

Why should we use strong verbs? ›

Strong verbs are important for showing and not telling in order to hook the reader to better convey the message and to create a stronger visual or mood for the plot. Strong verbs add precise language to the text. A verb is a word that describes an action or state of being.

What are the most important irregular German verbs? ›

The three most common German irregular verbs are, without any doubt, sein (to be), haben (to have) and werden (to become). Let's see how they are conjugated in the present tense.

What is regular verb give 10 example? ›

Beg, cheat, jog, jump, roast, marry, live, laugh, cough, etc., are some examples of regular verbs.

How many words should I know to be fluent in German? ›

In order to feel comfortable speaking German, you really only need to learn about 3,000 words. In contrast, being fluent in German is defined as understanding 10,000+ words.

What is the hardest word to learn in German? ›

1. Eichhörnchen (Squirrel) Although squirrel is also tough to pronounce in English, it's a classic when it comes to difficult German words to pronounce. Many English speakers struggle, and some even consider this the hardest German word to pronounce.

What is the fastest way to memorize German words? ›

Hey German learner!
  1. Use repetition: reading, writing and speaking words over and over again.
  2. Associate words with drawings, pictures and funny scenes.
  3. Try to use the language routinely in the context of daily life.
  4. Reading as much as possible, especially the newspaper, helps you to remember words.
Apr 28, 2016

How do you know if a verb is strong or weak in German? ›

Strong verbs are “irregular” (though not necessarily in all their forms), weak verbs are “regular,” and “mixed verbs” (which account for the “half” in “two and a half types of verbs”) are a small class of verbs that take weak verb endings but are nevertheless irregular.

What are five strong verbs? ›

Strong verbs make writing and reading better.
Strong Verbs List
  • shouted.
  • called.
  • commented.
  • queried.
  • announced.
  • whispered.
  • murmured.
  • whimpered.
Apr 6, 2021

What are strong vs weak verbs? ›

Weak verbs (also known as regular verbs), grammatically, are verbs which end in -ed, -t, -or -d when they're put into the past tense. Examples include walked, jogged, and blinked. A strong verb, in the grammatical sense, changes the vowel in the present tense form of the word when it's put into past tense.

How many types of German verbs are there? ›

The three classes of German verbs: Regular, irregular, and mixed.


1. How your muscular system works - Emma Bryce
2. 21 American Slang Words You Need In 2021 | Go Natural English
(Go Natural English)
3. MILITARY #Shorts
4. Installing a BIG BLOCK Chevy and TH400 in the Race Truck! (Will it even fit?)
(Vice Grip Garage)
5. Burn Arm + Leg + Belly Fat - 30mins Aerobics Workout | Bollywood
6. HSN | M. Asam Beauty 03.30.2018 - 09 PM
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Greg Kuvalis

Last Updated: 03/12/2023

Views: 5814

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (75 voted)

Reviews: 90% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Greg Kuvalis

Birthday: 1996-12-20

Address: 53157 Trantow Inlet, Townemouth, FL 92564-0267

Phone: +68218650356656

Job: IT Representative

Hobby: Knitting, Amateur radio, Skiing, Running, Mountain biking, Slacklining, Electronics

Introduction: My name is Greg Kuvalis, I am a witty, spotless, beautiful, charming, delightful, thankful, beautiful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.