Factors that influence the academic performance of students. (2023)

We present this publication with the keywords: Factors that influence the academic performance of the student

"No child is boring" is a well-known maxim in the world of education. Furthermore, most educators agree that a child should not be discarded. However, it is undeniable that certain students simply would not do well academically even if others continued to soar academically. This tends to lead to philosophical contradictions, because if no child is boring then everything must work out fine. So why are some students doing well and others not?

I strongly believe that a number of factors are responsible for this discrepancy. Consequently in this post; I analyze some factors that affect student performance in school.

Why this article on Factors Affecting Student Academic Achievement?

For the development of people, communities, nations and the world; Education is central. To achieve the necessary improvements in all aspects of human life and to be able to apply innovative methods and techniques, better pedagogical skills are needed. However, educational stakeholders need to be aware of factors that have the potential to negatively or positively affect student achievement.

Education is one of the key aspects, which not only imparts essential skills,
skills and knowledge among students, but also leads to overall growth and progress
students, the community, the nation, and the world at large. An educated person is not only capable of achieving desired goals, but also of making an efficient contribution to the well-being of the community. The development of individuals' academic knowledge, skills, abilities and abilities is enhanced through academic learning and performance.


The academic performance of high school students determines the student's future goals and interests; what course they will follow in higher education and what career they will choose and follow. The extent to which a student can learn and develop is greatly influenced by many factors.

Factors that affect student academic performance

The following factors influence student academic performance:

1. Student attitude:

Every student, from high school to college, has the ability to discern what is ideal and what is not. Every successful student has a positive feeling about their education and is also aware of their achievements. Such a student has the character of diligence, discipline, and resourcefulness; They are passionate readers. They spend a lot of time studying and less time on leisure activities. It is also important for these students to have positive thoughts about their schools, teachers and all academic subjects. The absence of these qualities in most students explains poor student performance. A positive student attitude includes goal orientation. That is, study to develop and not just to pass the entrance exam. Having a clear picture of a desired future is the cornerstone of a positive student attitude. A positive student attitude will help the student to dedicate his time to tireless and passionate study.

2. School Resources:

Within schools, it is critical to provide resources that can be used to improve students' academic performance. Textbooks, notes, study materials, technology, libraries and labs, especially in science subjects, should contain essential materials. By providing students with the necessary tools and equipment, they can better understand what is taught in schools. In particular, in some cases disadvantaged, marginalized and socio-economically disadvantaged students who cannot afford the books and materials needed to study; They tend to rely only on the school library and other facilities.

(Video) Factors Affecting Students' Performance

3. Teacher skills and abilities:

Teachers play an important role in influencing
students' academic performance. They are vested with authority to direct all classroom activities and manage learning. Therefore, it is important for teachers to possess the qualities of professionalism and conscientiousness. They must be open-minded, listen, and provide solutions to student problems. They must have sufficient knowledge and information about the subjects they teach, the use of technology, modern and innovative methods in the teaching and learning processes, subject administration and the management of the whole class and school activities and functions in an appropriate .appropriate manner. organized form has behavior. Teachers are sometimes strict, but severity must be kept within bounds. The main objective of teachers should only be to improve students' academic performance and lead to their effective development.

4. Teaching environment:

Academic concepts are communicated to students by
the teachers in the classroom. The main task of teachers is to complete the discipline.
Syllabus. Therefore, it is important that the teaching environment is disciplined and well-ordered. Inside the classroom, it's vital for both teachers and students
implement or demonstrate the traits of morality and ethics. It is essential to promote mutual understanding and collaboration between teachers and students, as well as among colleagues. Consequently, efficient classroom management leads to efficient and well-organized management of lesson plans, teaching strategies, teaching-learning processes, etc. If there is discipline and effective communication between individuals, it will help students learn better and improve their academic performance.

5. Role of parents:

The house is the place where the foundation takes place.
Learning and education happen. To achieve good academic results, this is crucial.
for parents, children and other family members to promote a learning environment in homes. For example, if students struggle with certain subjects, parents are responsible for providing help. This help can take the form of tutoring or they can teach their children themselves. They provide technology and other home learning materials to improve their children's academic performance. Parents play an important role in supporting their children's growth and operational development. In schools, whatever problems children are having with their studies and other
areas in which they normally communicate with their parents. Parents are sources of security.
encourage and help your children find solutions to their problems.

6. Social Circle:

Children are not only enrolled in schools to learn academic concepts,
but they also learn to interact and socialize with others. Students usually line up in a friendly manner.
Conditions and relationships with colleagues. The formation of a social environment and friendships positively affect students' academic performance. B. if you have to work on a project or prepare for an exam, group study is beneficial in most cases. It also causes social satisfaction and happiness in student life (Kudari, 2016). The formation of a social circle proves to be beneficial to the individual in several ways, e.g. B. solving academic problems, participating in leisure activities, sharing joys and sorrows, etc.


7. Motivate and encourage students:-

In academic learning, some of the concepts
They are difficult to learn and understand. When students have problems and difficulties, they need to get help from others. When students cannot
get the grades they want instead of getting mad at them teachers and parents
need to provide help and support. They should motivate students and
encourage them to do well in the future. You need to understand their weaknesses and help.
they. If students find certain areas difficult to learn, teachers should repeat them.
Concepts, give them lessons and tasks so they can acquire them
full understanding of concepts

8. Development of study skills:-

To improve academic performance, it is
crucial for individuals to develop learning skills within themselves. the students themselves
they need to raise awareness of learning skills so they can produce what they want
academic results. Some of the learning skills include memorizing textbooks or
other materials, take notes, practice writing essays and articles, especially in languages, practice mathematical arithmetic, etc. One of the important areas is that while you are studying, you must be fully focused on your studies. The inability to fully concentrate is one of the factors that lead to unwanted academic results. Memorization is considered one of the rare techniques, so teachers encourage students to understand concepts instead of memorizing them.

9. Time management:

High School Students Have Busy Schedules, That's How It Works
important for them to create an awareness of effective time management. the investigation has
He pointed out that the normal schedule for high school students consists of class hours, so they have to spend time doing homework. They also participate in some types of extracurricular activities and sports. Playing and engaging in creative activities not only helps them focus better, but it can also boost their mindset. It is important for high school students to participate in extracurricular activities and for that they must manage their time well. It is important for students to achieve a balance between all assignments and activities. More time should be spent on more important activities and less time can be spent on less important activities.

10. Teaching-learning methods:

Teaching-learning methods and strategies should
be appropriate and encouraging for students. These are the school teachers.
contribute significantly to promoting learning among students. is essential for
to ensure that the teaching methods used are beneficial to students.
For example, if students can learn better by dictating notes, teachers can
must give clues. If students can learn best through verbal explanation, they should encourage verbal explanation, and so on. Indoors when students do
tutor in certain academic subjects, such as math or science, or being taught by their parents, it is also important for parents and guardians to ensure that effective teaching-learning methods are used that can encourage and promote student learning and help them. to understand better.

(Video) Factors influencing academic performance

11. Accessibility and professionalism:

School teachers are obliged to do this.
approachable and professional in their demeanor. It is to them that students turn when they have problems and difficulties. When professors are kind and generous, students not only feel comfortable approaching them, but also have their doubts answered. The professionalism and accessibility of the teaching staff is extremely important to positively influence the academic performance of students. On the other hand, it is the parents or guardians at home who supervise their studies, so it is essential that they are professional in their behavior. Lessons should be conducted calmly and gently. Any harsh attitude should be avoided as it can demotivate students.

look at ourclass notes,School leadership adviceYProblems of education reform in Nigeria

Works Cited

Works I consulted include:

  • Kapur, R. (2018). Factors affecting the academic performance of high school students in India. 1 – 25
  • Al-Zoubi, S.M. and Younes, M.A.B. (2015). Low Academic Performance: Causes and
    Theory and Practice of Linguistics, 5(11),2262-2268. Retrieved April 25, 2018 from http:www.academypublication.com/ojs/index.php/tpls/article/viewFile/tpls05112262 2268/477
  • Scholarships Teaching and Learning Magazine, Vol. 15, No. 5, October 2015, pages. 49-63.doi:10.14434/josotl.v15i5.19068
  • Entwistle, N.J. e Ramsden, P. (1983).understand student learning. Londres: Croomhelm.
  • David, New Mexico (2014). Determinants of poor academic achievement among secondary school students in Sumbawanga district, Tanzania. Sokoine Agricultural University. Morogoro Tanzania. Retrieved on April 25, 2018 from
  • http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/622/Davi%20Melack.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  • Brophy, J. (1986). The teacher's influence on student performance.American psychologist,41, 1069-1077
  • Sanders, WL and Rivers, JC (1996). Cumulative and residual effects of teachers on students' future academic performance. Knoxville, TN: Tennessee Earned Value Research and Evaluation Center.
  • Wenglinsky, H. (2000).How Teaching Matters: Bringing the Classroom Back into the Discussion teaching quality.Princeton, NJ: Policy Information Center.
  • Robinson, K. (2013, April). How to escape the Death Valley of Education [video file].http://www.ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_how_to_escape_education_s_death_valley?language=en
  • Srinivas, P. & Venkatkrishnan, S. (2016). Factors that influence school performance
    School age children.IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 15(7),47-53. Retrieved on March 25, 2020 fromhttp://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jdms/papers/Vol15 Issue%207/Version-1/J150714753.pdf
  • Lizzio, A., Wilson, K. & Simons, R. (2002). University students' perceptions of the learning environment and academic outcomes: implications for theory and practice,Higher Studies Education,27(1), 27–51


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