My manners - we were not introduced properly!
My name isGustavo Arellano, and if you've heard of me, it's probably because I was, take your pick, the editor ofweekly CO/He has the syndicated column Ask a Mexican!/He wrote the bookTaco USA: How Mexican Food Conquered America/ You know my geeky voice because I've been listening to NPR for the last 14 years.
But before that I was a music critic. I need to cover the end of the rock.in SpanishThe glory days of - Heck, I remember when the new act in town was Kinky, whose song you hear in commercials all the time. But I also saw Vicente Fernández, Los Tigres del Norte, cry at the old Hollywood House of Blues, La Santa Cecilia, when they were my house band for a radio show. I even saw Morrissey play a show on an Indian reservation in Yuma a few weeks before he opened for the Jaguars. (And yes, Morrissey'shad some serious problems lately.)
Music continues to be one of my passions, so much so that at all my shows I make time to write playlists and essays about Mexican music.weekly CO. The American public remains woefully ignorant of thisour songas well as mariachi hats andnarcocorridos, so I tried to dig into groups, genres and themes because someone had to. Especially the old stuff: so little has been written about old stars like Toña la Negra, Pedro Infante and Trio Calaveras in English that I'm surprised no one bothered before.
And so I write.
when i was leavingweekly CO, milesboricua Julio Ricardo Varelakindly invited me to submit ideas forlatin united states, I suggested that I do my musical rehearsals. She happily accepted, so this is the fourth of five.EscucharI signed up. I look forward to coming back next year, so if you like what you've heard and read so far, please share my lists far and wide!
But now this week's theme: Songs of the Mexican Revolution and, yes, TODAY, November 20.EsoJubilee when it all started in 1910This genre is now only regularly heard live on the old Mexican music station or whenever the mariachis perform, and that's a shame. The catastrophic event is when thelieit really took shape as a popular song, and its authors created vivid epics that taught history, created legends, and most importantly, had rhythms that made them whisper more than a century after the events described. Many of the big names - Antonio Aguilar, Los Alegres de Terán and even Chalino Sánchez - have recorded entire albums ofvillista is running. When was the last time you sang a song about World War I? Do you know any other songs besides "Over There" and "How Ya Gonna Keep 'em Down on the Farm (After They've Seen Paree)"?
Most of the songs are offdie revolutionListWomenlittle more than virgin goddesses awaiting the return of their husbands - even "La Adelita", which became the nickname of our struggleWomen, is sung from the perspective of a soldier praising the value of his love. Then there's this postwar composition of a myth.to the soldiershe was so badcucuyAgainfederal. Yes, Juana only acted for the death of her beloved Chon de ella, but what a warrior! “By attributing unlimited power to Juana”, wrote María Herrera-Sobek in her magisterial 1990 book.The Mexican Corrido: A Feminist Analysis,“The song presents her as a female Hercules who is invincible and whose enemies, even the bravest, tremble at her daring.” Sung here by the underrated Lucha Moreno.
"Run for Pancho Villa"
BisEswas released, no historical figure has written more songs in Mexican music about it than Pancho Villa. And none is better than this relatively latelieonethe north centaur, a version of the more popular "23. February". how i wrotea long time ago: “This song satirizes the Punitive Expedition, the 1916 persecution of Pancho Villa by General John Pershing that led to itanything. Leaning on a cheerful accordion, the Zaizar brothers sing thousands of songsgabacho"faces of shame" as they roamed northern Mexico with planes and modern weaponry in a vain search for the original Dirty Mexican. Highlight of the song: When Villa flies over the Americans and wavesadoption. Complete with the sounds of the old biplanes!”
The power of the song's lyrics – "If they ask for my blood, I'll give my blood/For our nation's people" – and their meaning (a nickname for a Winchester Model 1894 lever-action rifle) almost fool you. I thought this was written by a soldier straight from the battlefield. But it was actually from the 1949 movie.Not north!Still, the song depicts such a powerful scene of righteous rebellion that groups across Latin America have recorded it, including this version by Chilean folk group Quilapayún from the late 1960s.
oranchothe legend Aguilar killed him in this ode to Pancho Villa's horse (Sete Léguas, named for the distance it is said to gallop in one day) because it combined Aguilar's two great loves: history and horses. Curiously, the song does not say much about the horse, other than that it was Villa's favorite horse and that it "stopped and neighed" when he heard the train whistle announcing the return of his master. But "Siete Leguas" is still a beautiful song... and now the name of a bad tequila. This one hurts.
"Prison of the Canaanites"
To belieIt is not directly about the Mexican Revolution, but about a 1906 mining strike in the city of Sonora in which an American force crossed the border to kill Mexicans on their own land. This fact became one of the crimes sanctioned by the government of Porfirio Díaz that led to the Mexican Revolution and was sung by allranchomiNortesinger ever since. And then there's this version of Los Caminantes, which makes it livelier than usual but retains the song's stern challenge, as it so matter-of-factly describes the protagonist's situation in prison. True story: I once played this version on my iPod for Zach de la Rocha from Rage Against the Machine in downtown SanTana to teach him about his Mexican roots.
Few songs from the Mexican Revolution still in circulation praise someone on the side of the Mexican government, but this song about one of Villa's greatest foils is a notable exception. EITHERliehe gives him nothing but respect, even allowing him to say, "Listen to me, my general / I was a brave man too / I want you to execute me / I want you to execute me / in front of the public." The most famous version is by Antonio Aguilar, but this earlier version contains almost all the lyrics.
Almost all famous songs come from the Mexican Revolutionthe North, The heart oflie. This track is a later addition, but also a rarity: athey are huastecos, a form known for its falsetto singing, crazy fiddle, and ABBA text structure. "Soldier of Levite" ("Soldier in Overcoat") recounts the agony of a decrepit cavalryman being led into battle:graciasto a beautiful wife and widow. But his sad lines—"He who is born in disgrace / begins from the cradle / to live like a martyr"—embedded themselves in the Mexican psyche, gaining prominence in José Montoya's famous 1970 poem about a Korean War veteran. , "The Louies". " ".
"Four Broken Bullets"
This isn't one of José Alfredo Jiménez's most famous songs, which means it's a lesser masterpiece: his "Y tu pájaro puede cantar" if you will. "Four Shots Were Fired / At Two AM" is the dramatic opening as the protagonist kills his wife's lover in his arms. He joins the revolution to escape the law, but shortly after the mariachi horns play a toques to foretell his fate, he tells his wife: "I owe you in life / be sentenced to death." Again: This is one of the songs from the third line of José Alfredo. I can't wait to highlight the good things he has!
This is a strange entry in the Revolution pantheon of favourites, as it is the title of two distinctly different games.runroughly the same mythical figure. The most famous version by Antonio Aguilar, who directed a film of the same name and three sequels, stars him as a drunken womanizer who was murdered by a man.Morena. This shot by actor Ignacio López Tarso shows Gabino as a general of the revolution who was assassinated in the line of duty for him. The only similarities between the two: He was a"Southern Indians"who stepped on thorny plants and felt nothing, was assassinated with 18 shots from a Mauser revolver and "with a bottlebrandy/The Scream 'It's lebe Zapata!‚“
If that sounds a bit like "Siete Leguas", it's because the author is the same: Graciela "La Bandida" Olmos, who could writethe male is runningas well as anymanand I personally met Villa."It started in Durango"his exuberant anthem begins and is covered several times. But the most famous version comes from Miguel Aceves Mejía, "El Rey del Falseto," who lets his warm voice flow in lyrics that chronicle Villa's career: a start as a bandit, a rise to the top as a boastful leader, "I know not to worry" and his subsequent death.
There are surprisingly few popular songs about Emiliano Zapata; in fact, the most prominent mention of the general is in "Gabino Barrera". But as proof that the revolution continues to resonate more than a century later, comes this song by Rage Against the Machine from the album Vive y Raro, made in honor of the Zapatistas of Chiapas. “Zapata's blood/ Was not shed in vain,” shouts frontman Zach de la Rocha. "So now the poorest are waging / war / to get his name back." He then slows down winger Gil-Scott Herron.It's lebe Zapata!
Which is considered the most popular Mexican song? ›
One of the most famous songs to come out of Mexico is La Bamba. This song is really a traditional Mexican folk song which originated from Veracruz. In 1958 it became famous outside Mexico when singer, Ritchie Valens produced a version of that went directly into the Top 40.What is the song on the Mexican war? ›
"The Field of Monterey" is a lyrical song about the Battle of Monterey in the Mexican American war. It can be traced back to New Hampshire poet Marion Dix Sullivan.Was one of the most famous Mexican revolutionaries? ›
Pancho Villa, the Centaur of the North
In 1914-1915, Villa was the most powerful man in Mexico and could have seized the presidency had he so wished, but he knew he was no politician. After the fall of Huerta, Villa fought against the uneasy alliance of Obregon and Carranza.
The economic policies of Porfirio Díaz, unequal distribution of land, deeply entrenched economic inequality, and undemocratic institutions were the major causes of the revolution.What is an old Mexican famous song? ›
La Bamba is a fantastic representative of classic Hispanic music. It has traveled the word and it even inspired a feature film based on its singer's life story. Originally a Mexican folk song, young Mexican American Ritchie Valens rewrote La Bamba in the late 1950s.
Banda, mariachi, norteño, and ranchera are among today's most popular genres which play on the radio and on one's cell phone, but other genres which have developed include huasteco, jarocho, grupera, tamborazo zacatecano, and marimba-based ensembles.What are war songs called? ›
Martial music or military music is a specific genre of music intended for use in military settings performed by professional soldiers called field musicians.What was the Mexican battle cry called? ›
Grito de Dolores, (English: “Cry of Dolores”) battle cry of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, first uttered by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, parish priest of Dolores (now Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato state), on September 16, 1810.What are Mexican songs called? ›
There are around five main genres of Mexican music: son, corrido, ranchera, mariachi, and banda. Each of these genres have unique characteristics, instruments, and performing style.What are 5 facts about the Mexican Revolution? ›
- The Mexican Revolution deposed the country's longest-serving president. ...
- A new Mexican strongman soon took over. ...
- The anti-Huerta forces eventually began fighting each other. ...
- The United States intervened numerous times in the conflict.
Who were the 3 leaders of the Mexican Revolution? ›
The Mexican Revolution, which began in 1910, ended dictatorship in Mexico and established a constitutional republic. A number of groups, led by revolutionaries including Francisco Madero, Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, participated in the long and costly conflict.Who won Mexican Revolution? ›
|November 20, 1910||Francisco Madero runs against sitting dictator Porfirio Diaz in the 1910 election. Diaz imprisons Madero and declares himself the winner.|
|1914||U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sends American Marines to Vera Cruz, Mexico, to support revolutionaries.|
The official end of the Mexican Revolution is often taken to be the creation of the Constitution of Mexico in 1917, however the fighting continued long into the following decade.What role did the US play in the Mexican Revolution? ›
The U.S. played a substantial role in the evolution of the Mexican Revolution. It supported the anti-reelectionist movement, agreed with Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz's revolt against Francisco I. Madero, helped the revolutionaries defeat Huerta, and invaded Veracruz in 1914.How long did the Mexican Revolution last? ›
Mexican Revolution, (1910–20), a long and bloody struggle among several factions in constantly shifting alliances which resulted ultimately in the end of the 30-year dictatorship in Mexico and the establishment of a constitutional republic.What are three popular Latin American songs? ›
- Salsa. ...
- Merengue. ...
- Bachata. ...
- Tango. ...
- Modern Latin American pop music. ...
It was the late 1950s when a 17-year-old boy took an old Mexican folk song and set it to a rock 'n' roll beat. La Bamba” made rock 'n' roll history when it became the first Latin-based song to cross over to the pop and rock audience. That teen-ager, Ritchie Valens, was made famous.
Up-and-coming regional Mexican acts are espousing a new wave of ballads – infused with sadness. The new style is often referred to as sad sierreño.What songs are special in Mexico? ›
- ¡Viva México! Written by ranchera singer Pedro Galindo Galarza, there are countless versions of this dramatic favorite. ...
- México Lindo y Querido. ...
- Cielito Lindo. ...
- Que Bonita es Mi Tierra. ...
- El Rey. ...
- La Llorona. ...
- La Sandunga. ...
- Por Qué Me Haces Llorar.
The style is now popular throughout Mexico and the Southwestern United States, and is considered representative of Mexican music and culture.
What are the 4 songs in the songs of war? ›
Supporium, Protisium, Mobilium and Aggressium are the four known Song types.What is the strongest song in songs of war? ›
This song is also the most powerful of Prime Songs. It grants the user all the powers of the Aggressium category namely: Aggrobeam.
The Mexican 'grito', or shout, that often accompanies family celebrations, mariachi music, and is part of a national celebration every September 16th, is more than a loud yell — it's an expression of excitement, joy and pride.Who controlled Mexico until 1821? ›
The Mexican War of Independence (Spanish: Guerra de Independencia de México, 16 September 1810 – 27 September 1821) was an armed conflict and political process resulting in Mexico's independence from Spain.What is the Mexican army called? ›
The Mexican Armed Forces (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de México) are the military forces of the United Mexican States.What is Latino music called? ›
Some of the most popular forms of Latin music are Salsa, Bachata, Regional Mexican music, Tango, Merengue, Latin Pop, and Reggaeton. Today, reggaeton is a very popular style that combines reggae and American hip-hop.What is Mexico famous for? ›
Mexico is known for its rich culture, ancient ruins, dazzling beaches, and incredible cuisine. Tour Mayan temple ruins by day and indulge in fantastic food while listening to the rhythms of live music by night. Lounge on tropical beaches and explore the vibrant corals and marine life of the underwater world.What is the original Mexican music? ›
Mariachi is a traditional Mexican music and a fundamental element of Mexican culture. Traditional Mariachi groups, made up of two or more members, wear regional costumes adapted from the charro costume and interpret a broad repertoire of songs on stringed instruments.Who was a famous Mexican Revolution? ›
Two great figures, Francisco “Pancho” Villa from the north of Mexico and Emiliano Zapata from the south, led the revolution and remain key cultural and historical symbols in this fight for social reform.How many Mexicans died in the revolution? ›
The conflict led to the deaths of around three million people, mostly combatants.
Who won the Mexican-American War? ›
The United States Army won a grand victory. Although suffering 13,000 killed, the military won every engagement of the war. Mexico was stripped of half of its territory and was not consoled by the monetary settlement.Who were the big four during the Mexican Revolution? ›
The "Big Four" leading warlords in the field -- Venustiano Carranza, Alvaro Obregon, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata -- were united in their hatred of Orozco and Huerta and together they crushed them.Who owned the land in Mexico before the second revolution? ›
Before the 1910 Mexican Revolution, most land in post-independence Mexico was owned by wealthy Mexicans and foreigners, with small holders and indigenous communities possessing little productive land.Who defeated the Mexicans? ›
Battle of San Jacinto, (April 21, 1836), defeat of a Mexican army of about 1,200–1,300 men under Antonio López de Santa Anna by about 900 men (mostly recent American arrivals in Texas) led by Gen. Sam Houston.What is Mexico's motto? ›
Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence. On August 24, 1821, O'Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, thus ending New Spain's dependence on Old Spain.What is that one Spanish song everyone knows? ›
La bamba is probably the most recognized song in Spanish, in the past century.What is the number one Spanish song in the world? ›
|Performer(s)||Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber|
|Debut||February 4, 2017|
Conversation. 's "Tusa" remains as the highest certified song in Mexico history.What is the most popular Latin song right now? ›
- 1 KAROL G & Shakira - TQG. New entry. ...
- 2 Becky G. - ...
- 3 Bizarrap & Shakira - Shakira: Bzrp Music Sessions, Vol. ...
- 4 Fuerza Regida & Grupo Frontera - Bebe Dame. ...
- 5 KAROL G - MIENTRAS ME CURO DEL CORA. ...
- 6 Bad Bunny - Tití Me Preguntó ...
- 7 Los Ángeles Azules, Cazzu & Santa Fe Klan - Tú Y Tú ...
- 8 Maluma - La Reina.
What is one song that everyone knows? ›
More songs that everyone knows:
All I Want for Christmas is You – Mariah Carey. Bohemian Rhapsody – Queen. Livin' on a Prayer – Bon Jovi. Barbie Girl – Aqua.
|1||Los Del Rio||Macarena [Bayside Boys Mix]|
|2||Soft Cell||Tainted Love|
|3||Dexy's Midnight Runners||Come on Eileen|
|4||Right Said Fred||I'm Too Sexy|
- A nation once again, Wolfe Tones. ...
- Vande Mataram by Various Artists. ...
- Dil Dil Pakistan by Vital Signs. ...
- Rakkamma Kaiya Thattu, llayaraaja. ...
- Pinchum Nadakkuthu, Poovum Nadakkuthu, Thirumalai Chandran's. ...
- Ana wa Laila, (Me and Laila) Kazem El Saher.
|2.||"The Twist"||1960, 1961 ( re )|
|4.||"Mack the Knife"||1959|
"Blinding Lights" by the Weeknd (pictured) is the most-streamed song of all time on Spotify, with over 3.4 billion streams as of March 2023.